Emotional Development in Newborns

It is very important to know some basic things about emotion development in newborns because when you baby is little you have to pay attention to certain things just to make sure that you baby is healthy both physically and emotionally. Not many people know that newborns can interact emotionally even from the first weeks of his life.

For many years bonding was an emotional process which must be carried on by one of the baby´s parents especially the mother. It is well known that mothers start to bond with their babies before they are born. However, recent researches have showed that babies are born with this bonding emotion which can set the relationship between them and their parents or between them and their caregivers.  If is very interesting the fact that a baby will turn its head when he hears the voice of it mother or will look at its parents faces even though they cannot see clearly in the first stage of their lives.

Emotional language is also very important for a newborn baby and even though they cannot speak that does not mean that they do not express themselves. If you stay put and listen you will see that you baby expresses himself in the way that he can. Even though many people believe that the crying of a baby is a thing which was left to us by our ancestors, some kind of survival instinct we have found today that the way a baby cries means that he expresses his emotions. You will notice in the first few weeks of your baby´s life that he cries different according to his needs and wants.

Facial expressions are also a way through which babies express themselves emotionally. Even though they cannot when they are newborns they can do other things with their face to indicate how they feel. For example, when a baby is interested in something he will open his eyes wide. There are babies who can smile right before they are born but this does not apply to all babies.

As you can see emotional development in newborns is very important and mothers should pay attention to it because this is the only way a newborn can express the way he feels and ask for things he wants. Listen and observe you newborn because this is the only way you can make sure that he is healthy and happy.

About Baby Acne

If you have a baby have you ever wondered about baby acne, a condition which can affect your baby? Probably not because most people, when they hear the word acne, they think of teenagers. Well we are here to tell you that baby acne affects 1 of 5 babies. The condition is also known as acne neonatorum and it affects the chin, forehead and cheeks.  The best way to treat this type of condition is to leave it alone even though it might be hard for you as apparent to see you baby suffering from acne. If your baby has acne he will have it until about 4 months old. Babies who have acne have great chances of no developing it when they are teenagers.

As a parent it can be somewhat frightening to see you baby with acne but what most people do not know is that it is a very common condition but it is not so talked about it. Babies are not born with acne, it usually starts to develop a few weeks after they are born and it usually does not last more than a couple of months. If you feel that there is something wrong with you baby then you should take him to the doctor as soon as possible.

Baby acne usually develops when the skin of the baby tries to get out all the hormones that are left in his body from when he was in his mothers´ belly. It develops because the pores get blocked, the same reason why teenagers develop acne.

Most parents go immediately to the doctor when they see that their baby has acne and they demand to be given lotions and pills. Another thing parents do is over care for their baby, they care for their baby as if they are sick. This behavior is completely wrong because there is no treatment for it and the best way is to leave them to disappear on their own. If you start giving him pills or apply lotions you can damage you baby´s skin and you do not want that. Just let the glands of the skin do their work. Moreover, if your doctor insists on giving the baby medication, try to resist the temptation, unless the issue is quite grave. Otherwise, you risk over-medicating the baby, and then the first to blame will be the doctor; going through a negligence case is the last thing you need when your baby is ill, and finding a good medical negligence solicitor is very difficult. Moreover, in cases where the patient is a minor, and is then represented by his parents or guardians, the medical negligence solicitor can claim up to 25% of the compensation. So instead of complicating your life further, just do your best to keep calm and to wait for the situation to return to normal on its own.

These are some of the things that you should know about baby acne if your baby suffers from it. It is noting to be alarmed over because it does not affect the health of your baby and you do not have to do anything.

How Much Milk Should My Baby Drink?

One thing is certain – milk and dairy produce play an important role in feeding the little ones. But let’s be clear on some important aspects related to how much milk should a baby drink. The amount of milk that a baby eats as well as the quality of that milk is very important. However if you really want to protect your child there are other things that you must keep in mind. Given the fact that during the first year the baby has a very low immunity you must also give special attention to cleaning the baby bottles. This can be quite troublesome especially given the fact that the baby eats over ten times a day. However you must never skip the sterilizing process. If you find it to troublesome you can buy a dishwasher. Not all such appliances have sanitizing function so read the dishwasher review before buying it.

  • In the first weeks of life the baby can eat even 15-16 times within 24 hours. Later, meals become little (8-12 times) with an effective duration of 10-20 minutes at each breast. By the age of 6 months, your baby is satisfied only with breast milk.
  • You can give the child cow’s milk, but only after the age of one year. There are preferred the variants with full-fat content until three years old. Fats are important for brain development. However, cow’s milk is not 100% good – it has a high content of salts and proteins, which can overtax the kidneys and liver of the child. For this reason, the milk growth appeared recommended for children aged one and three. It is enriched with vitamins, calcium, iron, iodine and has, of course, less salt and protein.
  • Although milk is the basic food, your baby must not receive too much. Up to three years is recommended to drink a quantity of 250 ml and 500 ml per day, distributed to the morning and evening meal. If he refuses milk, you should not force him to drink it. Try to give it in other forms, with cereals, rice, semolina or puddings or replace it with other dairy produce: yogurt, cheese, and so on.
  • At birth the skeleton of a newborn has just 30 mg of calcium, but up to 18 years old, he must accumulate one kilogram (2 pounds). Kids between one and three years need 500 mg of calcium per day, and those between four and eight years, 800 mg. Therefore, American pediatricians recommend two servings of milk per day for children under four years and three for those between four and eight years. A serving is either a glass of milk or yogurt or 50 g of cheese. Up to two years old, kids should receive half the amount of calories in the form of fat, and milk is an important source of calories rich in fat.

 

How to Diaper a Newborn

For any mother it is vital to know how to diaper a newborn because you will have to do it numerous times during the day.Putting on a diaper for a newborn can be quite a challenge for new parents. Many mothers find it a bit difficult to change a diaper mainly because they have never done it before.

What you need to do is stay calm and don’t panic, you need to take one step at a time until you get the hang of it. Here we are going to show you how to diaper a newborn.

  • The first thing you have to do is gather all the thing you will need for changing a diaper. It is easier to do this when you do not have to run around looking for stuff.
  • After you have done this it is time to lay your baby on a waterproof surface on his back. What you need to do is keep one hand on him at all times just to make sure that nothing bad happens, or is a safety measure.
  • Now that you have your baby on his back it is time to unfasten the dirty diaper and lift the baby’s bottom with great care. The only way to properly raise your baby’s bottom without hurting him is by grabbing him by his ankles. Scoop the dirty diaper from under you baby an throw it away.
  • Wipe your baby’s bottom with wet tissues until there is nothing left.
  • Clean the are where you are changing the diaper with great care and place the clean diaper under your baby’s bottom. If you do not know which is the front some diapers have colors who indicate where the front is.
  • Close the baby’s diaper by pulling the front and stick the tags over it thus securing the diaper. To make sure that you do not interfere with the healing of your baby’s umbilical cord all you have to do is avoid touching that area. Some diapers have a special patch where the umbilical cord is.
  • Dispose of everything dirty: diapers, tissues and wipes by putting them is a special container. All that’s left is to clean the surface where you changed the diaper and wash your hands.

This is all you need on how diaper a newborn , as you can see it is not a big deal. You will see that after a while it will become so easy to change a diaper.

How to Take Pictures of a Newborn Baby

As a new parent you are probably ‘obsessed’ to capture the most beautiful and important moments of your little one. Here are some tips on how to take beautiful pictures of your newborn baby. Do not lose patience if you haven’t taken a great picture from the first time. The more photos you take, the more you will have from where to choose the most successful ones.

  • Remove unimportant items from the photo; take shoots with your baby in the foreground, because he is the most important. Do not take pictures in untidy places or in places where there are objects that can distract the baby’s attention from the ‘photo shoot’, attract his attention and talk with him while you take pictures.
  • Track the schedule of your baby. If the baby is rested, is clean and happy, the pictures will be more successful. But do not focus only on this, because nobody smiles all the time, so capture all the moods of the baby.
  • Light can be the key to excellent photos. If you take pictures in a room, use as much as you can natural light because it gives the baby another look in a picture. If you like to take pictures outside, make sure that the bright light does not go directly into the camera, because the baby could close the eyes and the picture might not be successful.
  • It is also important to capture not only the face of the baby, but also his personality, so take pictures with him and his favorite toys. Also, capture the relationship between the father and the baby, the interaction between grandparents and the newly grandson, but do not forget to include yourself in the pictures.

When it comes to photographing the newborn baby you must be patient. So when you catch the baby in a good position, capture the moment.

5 Tips for Baby’s Skin

Baby’s skin is very sensitive and needs special care. Your baby’s skin is more fragile and more sensitive than that of an adult. Anything, from skin care products to natural elements can cause irritation.Find out how you can protect your baby’s skin, reading the five tips below.

  • Keep your baby clean and dry by changing the diapers frequently. That can mean to wake up in the middle of the night to change the baby’s diaper.  Clean well the diaper’s area at each diaper change with warm water, but do not rub the skin.
  • Use an anti-irritation cream after changing the diapers; it helps protect the baby’s skin. There are some ‘barrier’ ointments on the market for a better protection of the baby’s skin.
  • Leave him the diaper a little larger or use slightly larger diapers to allow air to circulate. Also, try other brand to see which one is better for your baby.
  • If the weather is nice and warm and your kid can play outside or in a room where the floor can be cleaned easily, it is advisable not to use diapers or ointment for as long as possible every day. Exposure to air will quicken healing.
  • Let the baby’s bottom naked during sleep whenever he has a rash. Place a plastic under the sheet not to wet the mattress.

The best preventive measure against baby’s skin rash is a dry bottom, so change as quickly as you can the wet or dirty diapers.

Important Baby Cues

Babies have always been fascinated and charming, but few of the parents know something of the signals the babies send to them. Here are some important baby signals that you can read, that will help you understand him.

  • When babies imitate their parents’ facial expressions certain emotions are triggered in them. And this helps them to structure their code base for the understanding of emotional communication and may explain why parents tend to exaggerate facial expressions – for example, expressing sadness or happiness: because they are more easily imitated by the little ones. Also, the way parents talk to babies instinctively – slower, musical, exaggerated – is essential for the child’s development and especially for his ability to communicate verbally.
  • When babies utter nonsense syllables, they signal to adults that they are ready to learn something, so parents should be alert in these periods. Instinctively, parents respond to 50-60% of infants vocalizations. Language development can be accelerated when they respond to 80% but, beyond this limit, the assimilation goes into a decline because babies start to get bored.
  • When the baby is fascinated by something, he gazes on an object and pulls up and down his eyebrows. Eventually, he points to the object he sees and tries to move toward it. You should encourage him to discover objects and describe it to him as detailed as possible.
  • When something upsets the baby he arches down his mouth, both eyebrows rise up and the chin begins to tremble.  In this case parents must intervene, to calm him and to distract him from what bothered him.
  • When he’s bored the baby will require attention by crying, screaming or throwing a toy. It can also smile or laugh when he sees that you react. In fact, the baby requires your attention and involvement. You should not become the only source of fun for your little one. Over time, offer him alternatives to play.
  • When the baby is angry, he cries if have strep throat and turns red, keeping his eyes closed. If he gets angry is because he’s hungry or sleepy. You can try to talk calmly with him and with a reassuring voice and do not use interrogative intonations like ‘Baby, you’re hungry?’, which could have the opposite effect.

Finally, remember that by the signals that your baby sends to you, he experiences the feeling of maternal or parental love.

Tips to Calm a Crying Newborn Baby to Sleep at Night

If during the day the baby sleeps several hours, at night he will not know how to behave. So he will start crying. However, we should not exclude that the baby may cry because he is hungry, he’s wet, he is hot or cold or something hurts him. The reasons why a baby cries are numerous and inexhaustible.

Here are some tips to calm a crying newborn baby to sleep at night:

  • Distract his attention. Parents who have tried it say it has worked to make grimaces, to make faces at him and so on. The baby is laughing and he is relaxed.
  • Take him in your arms. Sometimes the baby only needs love and attention. Take a few moments lie near him in bed, kiss him, hug him, hold him close and do not forget to tell him how much you love him. You can ‘dance’ with the baby in your arms or you can rock your baby. He will be calm, knowing you are near.
  • Skin contact. Studies show that when the baby comes into direct contact with the skin of the mother, not only that it calms him, but also strengthens the link between mother and child.
  • Change his position. Some little ones do not like to be kept in a certain position, which can cause them to cry.
  • Hum to him. Gentle songs hummed by a familiar voice calm the crying of the baby, even if the singer does not have a special talent in this regard.
  • The massage. Put the baby on his tummy and try to massage him. It happens often to fall asleep, in this case be sure he sleeps on his back, to avoid the risk of sudden death in sleep.
  • Wrap him. When babies are not yet able to process information, they may be frightened of their hands, so you can wrapped the little one in a warm blanket, which will give him the fetal feeling comfort (that he had while still in the womb).

Even the calmest parent has a limit when it deals with a fastidious baby. Knowing your limits is important for both you and your baby – when you feel you cannot handle the situation, put the baby in the crib, close the door on the outside and take a few minutes to calm down, reminding yourself that this stage will not last forever. Also, remember these tips of calming the newborn baby when he cries.

Baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months

If you have a baby you will want to know baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months at one point which is why we are going to explain them to you here. As you baby get older he will sleep longer and he will not get up as often as he did at the beginning. When your baby reached the age of 6 months he will sleep on average about 12 to 15 hours per day, including night.

By the time your baby reaches the age of nine months old he will have split his daytime sleep in two naps, one in in the afternoon and one in the morning. Do not worry if your baby wants to sleep more during the day and by this we mean more naps because it is not a problem. All you have to do is keep a schedule of your baby sleeping and stick to it.

During this time of his life a good idea is to establish a sleeping pattern for your baby. If your baby´s sleeping times do not fit your family´s schedule and activities then you have to make a sleeping schedule for your baby that fits your family. By doing this you will also teach him the difference between day and night and he will also sleep more during the night.

There are babies who manage to settle their night time sleep on their own, they sleep up to ten hours per night which is great. But there are babies who need help in developing a sleeping pattern and that is when you come through.

It is very important that you include a sleeping routine in your baby´s every day schedule because this is the only way he will know that there are certain periods of the day when he has to go to sleep. A simple routine can consist of: bathing, clothing him, reading him a bedtime story or singing him a lullaby and putting him to bed.

If you do this both of you will benefit from it, you will be able to get through the day with no problems and you baby will have a rested mother ready to play with him and attend to all his needs.

So, these are the baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months which you should know as soon as your baby turns 6 month old. If you know these basic steps you will have no problems with you baby´s sleep.

Amazing ingredients found in breast milk

Most people do not know that there are amazing ingredients found in breast milk which is why it is so important for babies to feed on it during the first stage of their life. Breast milk has five important ingredients which help your baby grow, ingredients which neither are nor found in baby formula because they cannot be reproduced. Breast milk is good not only for your baby’s internal well-being. Here we are going to present you five ingredients which can be found in breast milk and what benefits they bring to the baby.

Proteins:

  • This type of protein is easier to digest by the baby´s fragile stomach than other types of protein.
  • A substance which can be found in breast milk is called taurine and it is very important for the baby because it help him develop its brain and eyes.
  • An iron binding protein which also found in breast milk is Lactoferrin which reduced the quantity of the iron available to bacterias thus healthy bacteria will start to develop in the stomach.

Self-digestive fats:

  • Fats are part of the breast milk and they are the ones which give the baby the energy it needs. The quantity of fat is low at the beginning of the breast feeding and the level grows as the baby finishes his feeding.
  • Lipase is an enzyme which dissolves fat in order to be faster absorbed in the bloodstream.
  • Fat is very important for the development of the baby´s brain.

Hormones and enzymes:

  • These two elements have proved us that they are the ones which influence the baby´s metabolism, development and physiology.
  • An important substance for the stomach is Lysozyme which can be found in the baby´s digestive system and it is a protection against bacterial infection.

Vitamins and minerals:

  • Vitamins and minerals are a big component of the breast milk and they are also very important for the baby, quickly absorbed in the blood stream and important for the development of the baby.
  • Some of the most important minerals found are: iron, calcium and phosphorus.

Immunoglobulins:

  • Any substances that can prevent or fight against bacteria or infection can be found in the breast milk.
  • One substance which protects the ears, the nose and throat is the IGA

So, these are the five most amazing ingredients found in breast milk as you can see they are very important to the development of the baby.

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