How to Diaper a Newborn

For any mother it is vital to know how to diaper a newborn because you will have to do it numerous times during the day.Putting on a diaper for a newborn can be quite a challenge for new parents. Many mothers find it a bit difficult to change a diaper mainly because they have never done it before.

How to Diaper a Newborn How to Diaper a Newborn Picture

What you need to do is stay calm and don’t panic, you need to take one step at a time until you get the hang of it. Here we are going to show you how to diaper a newborn.

  • The first thing you have to do is gather all the thing you will need for changing a diaper. It is easier to do this when you do not have to run around looking for stuff.
  • After you have done this it is time to lay your baby on a waterproof surface on his back. What you need to do is keep one hand on him at all times just to make sure that nothing bad happens, or is a safety measure.
  • Now that you have your baby on his back it is time to unfasten the dirty diaper and lift the baby’s bottom with great care. The only way to properly raise your baby’s bottom without hurting him is by grabbing him by his ankles. Scoop the dirty diaper from under you baby an throw it away.
  • Wipe your baby’s bottom with wet tissues until there is nothing left.
  • Clean the are where you are changing the diaper with great care and place the clean diaper under your baby’s bottom. If you do not know which is the front some diapers have colors who indicate where the front is.
  • Close the baby’s diaper by pulling the front and stick the tags over it thus securing the diaper. To make sure that you do not interfere with the healing of your baby’s umbilical cord all you have to do is avoid touching that area. Some diapers have a special patch where the umbilical cord is.
  • Dispose of everything dirty: diapers, tissues and wipes by putting them is a special container. All that’s left is to clean the surface where you changed the diaper and wash your hands.

This is all you need on how diaper a newborn , as you can see it is not a big deal. You will see that after a while it will become so easy to change a diaper.

How to Take Pictures of a Newborn Baby

As a new parent you are probably ‘obsessed’ to capture the most beautiful and important moments of your little one. Here are some tips on how to take beautiful pictures of your newborn baby. Do not lose patience if you haven’t taken a great picture from the first time. The more photos you take, the more you will have from where to choose the most successful ones.

How to Take Pictures of a Newborn Baby How to Take Pictures of a Newborn Baby Picture
  • Remove unimportant items from the photo; take shoots with your baby in the foreground, because he is the most important. Do not take pictures in untidy places or in places where there are objects that can distract the baby’s attention from the ‘photo shoot’, attract his attention and talk with him while you take pictures.
  • Track the schedule of your baby. If the baby is rested, is clean and happy, the pictures will be more successful. But do not focus only on this, because nobody smiles all the time, so capture all the moods of the baby.
  • Light can be the key to excellent photos. If you take pictures in a room, use as much as you can natural light because it gives the baby another look in a picture. If you like to take pictures outside, make sure that the bright light does not go directly into the camera, because the baby could close the eyes and the picture might not be successful.
  • It is also important to capture not only the face of the baby, but also his personality, so take pictures with him and his favorite toys. Also, capture the relationship between the father and the baby, the interaction between grandparents and the newly grandson, but do not forget to include yourself in the pictures.

When it comes to photographing the newborn baby you must be patient. So when you catch the baby in a good position, capture the moment.

5 Tips for Baby’s Skin

Baby’s skin is very sensitive and needs special care. Your baby’s skin is more fragile and more sensitive than that of an adult. Anything, from skin care products to natural elements can cause irritation.Find out how you can protect your baby’s skin, reading the five tips below.

5 Tips for Baby's Skin 5 Tips for Baby's Skin Picture
  • Keep your baby clean and dry by changing the diapers frequently. That can mean to wake up in the middle of the night to change the baby’s diaper.  Clean well the diaper’s area at each diaper change with warm water, but do not rub the skin.
  • Use an anti-irritation cream after changing the diapers; it helps protect the baby’s skin. There are some ‘barrier’ ointments on the market for a better protection of the baby’s skin.
  • Leave him the diaper a little larger or use slightly larger diapers to allow air to circulate. Also, try other brand to see which one is better for your baby.
  • If the weather is nice and warm and your kid can play outside or in a room where the floor can be cleaned easily, it is advisable not to use diapers or ointment for as long as possible every day. Exposure to air will quicken healing.
  • Let the baby’s bottom naked during sleep whenever he has a rash. Place a plastic under the sheet not to wet the mattress.

The best preventive measure against baby’s skin rash is a dry bottom, so change as quickly as you can the wet or dirty diapers.

Important Baby Cues

Babies have always been fascinated and charming, but few of the parents know something of the signals the babies send to them. Here are some important baby signals that you can read, that will help you understand him.

Important Baby Cues Important Baby Cues Picture
  • When babies imitate their parents’ facial expressions certain emotions are triggered in them. And this helps them to structure their code base for the understanding of emotional communication and may explain why parents tend to exaggerate facial expressions – for example, expressing sadness or happiness: because they are more easily imitated by the little ones. Also, the way parents talk to babies instinctively – slower, musical, exaggerated – is essential for the child’s development and especially for his ability to communicate verbally.
  • When babies utter nonsense syllables, they signal to adults that they are ready to learn something, so parents should be alert in these periods. Instinctively, parents respond to 50-60% of infants vocalizations. Language development can be accelerated when they respond to 80% but, beyond this limit, the assimilation goes into a decline because babies start to get bored.
  • When the baby is fascinated by something, he gazes on an object and pulls up and down his eyebrows. Eventually, he points to the object he sees and tries to move toward it. You should encourage him to discover objects and describe it to him as detailed as possible.
  • When something upsets the baby he arches down his mouth, both eyebrows rise up and the chin begins to tremble.  In this case parents must intervene, to calm him and to distract him from what bothered him.
  • When he’s bored the baby will require attention by crying, screaming or throwing a toy. It can also smile or laugh when he sees that you react. In fact, the baby requires your attention and involvement. You should not become the only source of fun for your little one. Over time, offer him alternatives to play.
  • When the baby is angry, he cries if have strep throat and turns red, keeping his eyes closed. If he gets angry is because he’s hungry or sleepy. You can try to talk calmly with him and with a reassuring voice and do not use interrogative intonations like ‘Baby, you’re hungry?’, which could have the opposite effect.

Finally, remember that by the signals that your baby sends to you, he experiences the feeling of maternal or parental love.

Tips to Calm a Crying Newborn Baby to Sleep at Night

If during the day the baby sleeps several hours, at night he will not know how to behave. So he will start crying. However, we should not exclude that the baby may cry because he is hungry, he’s wet, he is hot or cold or something hurts him. The reasons why a baby cries are numerous and inexhaustible.

Tips to Calm a Crying Newborn Baby to Sleep at Night Tips to Calm a Crying Newborn Baby to Sleep at Night Picture

Here are some tips to calm a crying newborn baby to sleep at night:

  • Distract his attention. Parents who have tried it say it has worked to make grimaces, to make faces at him and so on. The baby is laughing and he is relaxed.
  • Take him in your arms. Sometimes the baby only needs love and attention. Take a few moments lie near him in bed, kiss him, hug him, hold him close and do not forget to tell him how much you love him. You can ‘dance’ with the baby in your arms or you can rock your baby. He will be calm, knowing you are near.
  • Skin contact. Studies show that when the baby comes into direct contact with the skin of the mother, not only that it calms him, but also strengthens the link between mother and child.
  • Change his position. Some little ones do not like to be kept in a certain position, which can cause them to cry.
  • Hum to him. Gentle songs hummed by a familiar voice calm the crying of the baby, even if the singer does not have a special talent in this regard.
  • The massage. Put the baby on his tummy and try to massage him. It happens often to fall asleep, in this case be sure he sleeps on his back, to avoid the risk of sudden death in sleep.
  • Wrap him. When babies are not yet able to process information, they may be frightened of their hands, so you can wrapped the little one in a warm blanket, which will give him the fetal feeling comfort (that he had while still in the womb).

Even the calmest parent has a limit when it deals with a fastidious baby. Knowing your limits is important for both you and your baby – when you feel you cannot handle the situation, put the baby in the crib, close the door on the outside and take a few minutes to calm down, reminding yourself that this stage will not last forever. Also, remember these tips of calming the newborn baby when he cries.

Baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months

If you have a baby you will want to know baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months at one point which is why we are going to explain them to you here. As you baby get older he will sleep longer and he will not get up as often as he did at the beginning. When your baby reached the age of 6 months he will sleep on average about 12 to 15 hours per day, including night.

Baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months Baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months picture

By the time your baby reaches the age of nine months old he will have split his daytime sleep in two naps, one in in the afternoon and one in the morning. Do not worry if your baby wants to sleep more during the day and by this we mean more naps because it is not a problem. All you have to do is keep a schedule of your baby sleeping and stick to it.

During this time of his life a good idea is to establish a sleeping pattern for your baby. If your baby´s sleeping times do not fit your family´s schedule and activities then you have to make a sleeping schedule for your baby that fits your family. By doing this you will also teach him the difference between day and night and he will also sleep more during the night.

There are babies who manage to settle their night time sleep on their own, they sleep up to ten hours per night which is great. But there are babies who need help in developing a sleeping pattern and that is when you come through.

It is very important that you include a sleeping routine in your baby´s every day schedule because this is the only way he will know that there are certain periods of the day when he has to go to sleep. A simple routine can consist of: bathing, clothing him, reading him a bedtime story or singing him a lullaby and putting him to bed.

If you do this both of you will benefit from it, you will be able to get through the day with no problems and you baby will have a rested mother ready to play with him and attend to all his needs.

So, these are the baby sleep basics: 6 to 9 months which you should know as soon as your baby turns 6 month old. If you know these basic steps you will have no problems with you baby´s sleep.

Amazing ingredients found in breast milk

Most people do not know that there are amazing ingredients found in breast milk which is why it is so important for babies to feed on it during the first stage of their life. Breast milk has five important ingredients which help your baby grow, ingredients which neither are nor found in baby formula because they cannot be reproduced. Breast milk is good not only for your baby’s internal well-being. Here we are going to present you five ingredients which can be found in breast milk and what benefits they bring to the baby.

Amazing ingredients found in breast milk Amazing ingredients found in breast milk picture

Proteins:

  • This type of protein is easier to digest by the baby´s fragile stomach than other types of protein.
  • A substance which can be found in breast milk is called taurine and it is very important for the baby because it help him develop its brain and eyes.
  • An iron binding protein which also found in breast milk is Lactoferrin which reduced the quantity of the iron available to bacterias thus healthy bacteria will start to develop in the stomach.

Self-digestive fats:

  • Fats are part of the breast milk and they are the ones which give the baby the energy it needs. The quantity of fat is low at the beginning of the breast feeding and the level grows as the baby finishes his feeding.
  • Lipase is an enzyme which dissolves fat in order to be faster absorbed in the bloodstream.
  • Fat is very important for the development of the baby´s brain.

Hormones and enzymes:

  • These two elements have proved us that they are the ones which influence the baby´s metabolism, development and physiology.
  • An important substance for the stomach is Lysozyme which can be found in the baby´s digestive system and it is a protection against bacterial infection.

Vitamins and minerals:

  • Vitamins and minerals are a big component of the breast milk and they are also very important for the baby, quickly absorbed in the blood stream and important for the development of the baby.
  • Some of the most important minerals found are: iron, calcium and phosphorus.

Immunoglobulins:

  • Any substances that can prevent or fight against bacteria or infection can be found in the breast milk.
  • One substance which protects the ears, the nose and throat is the IGA

So, these are the five most amazing ingredients found in breast milk as you can see they are very important to the development of the baby.

Newborn’s Umbilical Cord Stump

There are a lot of new mothers who do not know how to care for a newborn’s umbilical cord stumps which is why we have decided to write down all the things you need to know in order for your baby to be safe. During a women’s pregnancy the baby gets its food and oxygen through the placenta. The baby is connected to the placenta through a cord called the umbilical cord. Once the baby is born the umbilical cord is cut very close to the body leaving nothing but a stump because there is no need for it anymore.

How to Care for a Newborn's Umbilical Cord Stump How to Care for a Newborn's Umbilical Cord Stump Picture

The umbilical cord stump will dry up in about 21 days leaving nothing but a wound which will also need a couple of days to heel. If you take care of it, it will heal fast. Although this is a natural process, sometimes complications arise because of medical negligence. There is a debate within the medical community over the proper time to clamp an umbilical cord and if that specific timing is related to any adverse conditions that may develop. Hospital-based obstetric practice usually calls for artificial clamping in as early as one minute after birth. On the other hand, birthing centers may delay the practice by five minutes or more or they may omit it altogether. If you baby has any complication because of medical negligence, discuss the case with a medical negligence solicitor. A medical negligence solicitor is specialized in malpractice cases and will be able to give you the best advice.

Make sure that the area is always dry and clean because otherwise it will get infected. When you put on a diaper on your baby make sure that you place the diaper over the stump or you can buy special diapers which have a special whole cut where the stump is. It is very important to keep it dry and not get wet with urine. Whatever you do don’t remove the stump let it fall on its own. When it has fallen you will notice a small spot of blood which is normal and you do not have to worry about it. Until the umbilical stump falls you should avoid giving your baby baths in the tub, just clean him with wet tissues. After it has fallen you are free to give him a bath in the baby tub.

Once the umbilical stump has fallen some small pieces will remains which will disappear on their own or will need medical treatment. You should go to your doctor and let him consult your baby just to make sure that it is heeling perfectly. Some medical treatment may be needed but your newborn will not suffer at all.

In case an infection appears you should know what the signs are, and they are:

  • If your newborn seems to have a fever or he does not feeling well
  • If the area around the stump becomes red and swollen
  • If you see on the base of the stump a pus

 

As you can see this is how to care for a newborn’s umbilical cord stump, it is not hard as long as you take the right measures.

Introducing solid food

If you are a parent you should know about introducing solid food in your baby´s diet, like at what age and what type of food you can give him. We are going to give you all the information you need in order to feed your baby the right way, at the right time and with the right food.

Introducing solid food Introducing solid food Picture

When you baby reached 4 months old that means that you can start giving him solid food. Even though you can start giving you baby solid food that does not mean that you can stop breast feeding your baby because he still needs him. You baby will breastfeed at least 6 months.

In order to notice when your baby is ready to eat solid food you should pay attention to some clues which indicate it.

Here are some clues that indicate your baby is ready for solid food:

  • Your baby should be able to keep his head in a straight position.
  • Your baby has to stop pushing food out with his tongue.
  • Your baby needs to be able to stay upright on his own in order to swallow the food.
  • When you baby has gained significant weight than he is ready to eat solid food, he should have doubled he weight he had when he was born.
  • If he is still hungry after he ate him meals for the day then he is ready for solid food.
  • If he is interested in what you are eating or if he wants to grab what you are eating.

If you have decided to give your baby solid food then you should know that at first the food he should eat is puree. It is too early to give him normal food which is why you have to puree it in order to prevent your baby from chocking with it. You should also keep giving him breast milk because it contains ingredients which your baby still needs in order to develop. Some of the pureed foods that you can give to your baby are: potatoes, bananas, apples, pears and peaches. You should not force your baby to eat solid food if he does not want to, he will demand it when he wants.

As a parent this is the process of introducing solid food into your baby´s diet, it should come at the right time and when your baby is ready for it.

How to Care for a Premature Baby

If you have a premature baby you must know how to care for a premature baby because it is not the same as caring for a normal baby. About 30% of the babies born are premature, they have problems because they are born before their time which means that they have to spend some time in a neonatal intensive care unit. Because they are not big enough their lungs are not fully developed thus the need for special care. Even though your premature baby has to spend some time in an intensive care unit you can still take care of him. Here we are going to give you some advice on how you can do that.

How to Care for a Premature Baby How to Care for a Premature Baby Picture

The first thing that you should do is spend as much time as possible with you baby because even though he has a lot of nurses running around him he still needs his mother close. He can identify you voice and your smell, things which no one can replace. Even though a baby is premature born he still needs the same amount of attention and love as a normal baby. So, what you have to do is talk to the nurses and tell them that you want to spend as much time as possible with you premature baby.

Another thing that you should do if you have a premature baby is touch him as often as you can. Because he is so small he may be kept in an incubator for numerous of reasons, but even so you can slip your hand in there and touch him. You may not realize but the feeling of your skin on your baby’s skin can do wonder for him.

Let the nurses that are caring for your premature baby that you want to get involved in all the activities. There are so many things that you can do: you can rock him, feed him or care for him. If your baby requires special care then you should ask your nurse to explain the process to you so that later on you can do it on your own.

If is very important to know how to care for a premature baby because when it is time to take him/her home you have to be prepared. To become more confident make sure that you express your fears and concerns to the nurses, they are the only ones who can give you all the information you need in order to make you feel more at ease.

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